House Building Service on the Moon
During the next decade, the United States is expected to send people back to the moon. The NASA plans to return people to the moon in 2024 and private lunar-transportation companies are already ready to launch robotic missions to the surface. In the meantime, there’s also the possibility of using lunar soil to 3-D print objects for use on Earth.
NASA plans to return people to the moon in 2024
During the Apollo program, twelve men walked on the Moon. Boot prints still lie in the regolith of the Moon’s surface. There are a number of landing sites in the south pole region. NASA is aiming to land a crew of astronauts there by 2024.
NASA’s Artemis programme is designed to get people back to the Moon. The programme includes the Space Launch System, the Orion crew capsule and a lander. It also includes a Moon-orbiting small space station, which will be built by NASA and commercial contractors.
In addition, the Artemis programme also envisions sending astronauts to other parts of the Moon, like the lunar south pole. This will help to advance the science that will be carried out during the crewed flights.
NASA’s Artemis programme also includes a rover called the VIPER. It will go to the moon’s south pole to study ice deposits. It will also carry a NASA mass spectrometer, which will be used to measure the migration of gases. The instrument will also be used to identify how gases are trapped in cold polar reservoirs.
Private lunar-transportation companies are readying robotic missions to the surface
Earlier this year, NASA announced nine private lunar-transportation companies that are eligible to compete for up to $2.6 billion in contracts to provide robotic missions to the moon. These companies are working to design and build new generation robotic lunar landers. They will also provide launch services for commercial lunar missions. The companies plan to send robotic rovers, scientific instruments, and other payloads to the moon.
The three teams that are developing lunar landers include Astrobotic, Dynetics, and Blue Origin. Blue Origin is an aerospace start-up led by Jeff Bezos. The company’s lander will carry a crew module designed to accommodate four astronauts on short trips to or from the moon’s surface. It will also carry a NASA mass spectrometer to measure how gases migrate through lunar soil and how exhaust gases get trapped in cold polar reservoirs.
The three companies are planning to launch robotic rovers and science instruments to the moon. They are aiming to get the payloads to the moon within the next few years. They also have plans to build data centers on the moon. They hope to be able to establish a sustainable presence on the moon by the late 2020s.
3-D printing with lunar soil could reduce the expense of launching materials from Earth
Using lunar soil to make bricks could cut down on the expense of sending materials from Earth for house building service on the moon. The idea is to use regolith, which is loose rocks and debris on the surface of the moon.
Bricks can withstand pressure of up to 250 million times more than the atmosphere. They would be able to provide structural stability to a future base on the Moon or Mars. However, this approach would need to be tested in the laboratory before the bricks could be used to build a base.
Another method uses a special binding liquid and agglomerates inert materials. A robotic arm-style 3D printer called Apis-Cor is capable of printing on any surface with less than a 10 cm elevation difference.
Another method, known as binder jet, produces bricks from saltwater and a liquid binding agent. The process also works well in microgravity.
Another concept, known as Architecture Et Cetera, suggests using lunar dust to build a base. It promises to provide a sustainable human habitat on the lunar south pole.
RETHi project focuses on resilience, awareness, and robotics
RETHI, or the Resilient Extra Terrestrial Habitats Institute, is an institute based at Purdue University that focuses on three major areas: awareness, resilience, and robotics. The institute is developing smart technologies that will enable human habitation in deep space. It also performs trade studies to weigh the effectiveness of different habitat architectures. The team is also developing generic and robust methods for fault detection and situational awareness.
As part of the team, the researchers are developing robotic systems that are modular, versatile, and designed for different materials. They are also redesigning and developing habitat components that will be used by robots. They are also developing robotic systems that can be used in constrained spaces. The team also has expertise in modular robotics, civil infrastructure, and hybrid simulation.